SQLite is a lightweight, self-contained, and embedded database management system. It is a popular choice for many web applications because of its simplicity and easy deployment. Unlike MySQL, which requires a separate server to run, SQLite is built into the application itself and does not require any additional setup or configuration. This makes it easy to use and deploy, especially for small-scale applications.
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Simplicity at a cost
However, the simplicity of SQLite comes at a cost. Because it is a lightweight database, it lacks many of the advanced features and capabilities that are available in MySQL. For example, SQLite does not support features such as triggers, stored procedures, or user-defined functions. It also does not support concurrent access, which means that only one user can write to the database at a time. This can be a major limitation for applications that require high concurrency and high performance.
On the other hand, MySQL is a more powerful and feature-rich database management system. It is widely used in large-scale applications and is known for its performance and scalability. Unlike SQLite, which is limited to a single process, MySQL supports concurrent access and can handle multiple users and connections at the same time. It also supports a wide range of advanced features and capabilities, including triggers, stored procedures, and user-defined functions.
SQLite vs MySQL performance
In terms of performance, MySQL is generally faster and more efficient than SQLite. This is because MySQL uses a separate server to run, which allows it to take advantage of multiple CPUs and memory resources. In addition, MySQL uses a more sophisticated query optimizer, which can help improve the performance of complex queries.
SQLite is useful in development
One popular use case for SQLite is as a development database. Becuase SQLite requires no extra system process it is very convenient to use it when developing a software application. Many web frameworks use SQLite as a default for development, like Ruby on Rails.
SQLite is used for Android
Because SQLite can be embedded into any application, it is used widely for Android applications. In fact Google provides many developer tools that help to create, manage, and debug SQLite data on Android devices.
MySQL is the ‘Wordpress database’
Many users become familiar with MySQL through Wordpress. Each Wordpress installation uses a MySQL database to store posts and pages. It is well suited to this use case as it provides the scalability and stability required for large sites to operate.
SQLite vs MySQL Summary
Overall, the choice between SQLite and MySQL depends on the specific requirements and needs of your application. If you are building a small-scale application that does not require advanced features or high concurrency, then SQLite may be the right choice for you. On the other hand, if you are building a large-scale application that requires advanced features and high performance, then MySQL may be a better option. Ultimately, the decision will depend on your specific requirements and needs.